Synonymous in the UK with A commercial company in the business of supplying noncurrent volumes and issues of serial publications to libraries and other institutions, usually to replace missing items or fill gaps in the library's holdings of a particular title (In bookbinding, the central portion of the covering material, extending from the front joint to the back joint over the inlay separating the boards, stamped with the spine title and the author's name in most editions. In data processing, to make a second copy of an important data file in case the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed.
Also refers to computer files, equipment, and procedures created and maintained specifically for use in the event of loss or failure of normal systems.
Synonymous with An order for library materials that could not be filled when originally placed because at least one of the items requested was not in stock or was as yet unpublished.
Back orders are held open for future delivery, usually for a designated period of time, after which they are canceled. In library cataloging, a term used in the physical description area of the bibliographic record to describe: (1) two maps that are versions of the same work in two different languages, printed on alternate sides of a single sheet; or (2) two parts of a bilingual atlas published tête-bêche in a single volume.
On the Internet, regional networks are connected to the fiber-optic backbone, smaller networks are connected to regional networks, and so on, down the line.
To see examples for various countries, try a keywords search on the phrase "internet and backbone" in To make a document or transaction effective from a date earlier than its actual date, for example, a book order given a prior date with the publisher's permission, to allow the purchaser to qualify for an expired discount.
Also spelled The pages following the text at the end of a book on which the appendices, notes, bibliographies, list of contributors, indices, imprint, and any advertising normally appear.
B&T products and services are listed and described in its trade catalogs. In budgeting, to keep expenditures in line with income, usually for the duration of a fixed accounting period.
The sewn or binding edge of the gathered sections of a book to which the lining is applied.
The back may be flat, but more often it is given a convex curve in a binding procedure called rounding.
In a more general sense, any strategy designed to be implemented if a preferred method or system fails.
Also, to print the reverse side of a sheet that has already been printed on one side.
B&T products and services are listed and described in its trade catalogs. In budgeting, to keep expenditures in line with income, usually for the duration of a fixed accounting period.The sewn or binding edge of the gathered sections of a book to which the lining is applied.The back may be flat, but more often it is given a convex curve in a binding procedure called rounding.In a more general sense, any strategy designed to be implemented if a preferred method or system fails.Also, to print the reverse side of a sheet that has already been printed on one side.Also, a conservation treatment in which an additional layer is applied to a flat item to provide support, usually on the reverse side of a weakened sheet.