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13-Oct-2019 08:06

Before the discovery of archaeological evidence, Vinland was known only from Old Norse sagas and medieval historiography.

The 1960 discovery conclusively proved the pre-Columbian Norse colonization of the Americas.

The existence of two versions of the story shows some of the challenges of using traditional sources for history, because they share a large number of story elements but use them in different ways.

A possible example is the reference to two different men named Bjarni who are blown off course.

Vinland was the name given to North America as far as it was explored by the Vikings, presumably including both Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence as far as northeastern New Brunswick (where the eponymous grapevines are found).

In 1960, archaeological evidence of a Norse settlement in North America (outside Greenland) was found at L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland.

L'Anse aux Meadows may correspond to the camp Straumfjörð mentioned in the Saga of Erik the Red.

First, it is identified as the land found by Leif Ericson.Thorfinn Karlsefni's crew consisted of 140 or 160 people according to Saga of Eric the Red, 60 according to the Greenland Saga.Still according to the latter, Leif Ericson led a company of 35, Thorvald Eiriksson a company of 30, and Helgi and Finnbogi had 30 crew members.After the exploration party returns to base, the Greenlanders decide to return home the following spring.Thorstein, Leif's brother, marries Gudrid, widow of the captain rescued by Leif, then leads a third expedition to bring home Thorvald's body, but is driven off course and spends the whole summer wandering the Atlantic.

First, it is identified as the land found by Leif Ericson.Thorfinn Karlsefni's crew consisted of 140 or 160 people according to Saga of Eric the Red, 60 according to the Greenland Saga.Still according to the latter, Leif Ericson led a company of 35, Thorvald Eiriksson a company of 30, and Helgi and Finnbogi had 30 crew members.After the exploration party returns to base, the Greenlanders decide to return home the following spring.Thorstein, Leif's brother, marries Gudrid, widow of the captain rescued by Leif, then leads a third expedition to bring home Thorvald's body, but is driven off course and spends the whole summer wandering the Atlantic.) is the area of coastal North America explored by Norse Vikings, where Leif Erikson first landed in c.